Your wedding day was beautiful, you married your one true love, and everything was perfect. You are back from your honeymoon, and reality is setting in. How do you proceed to finalize all the remaining details to start your lives together, things like name changes, employee benefits, and estate planning?
Will you be changing your name? Traditionally, one spouse takes the last name of the other spouse; however, it is not required. When I got married a few years ago I used a checklist2 from theknot.com as a starting place for what I needed to do to change my name.
But whatever you decide, make sure that you follow the requirements for your state since each state’s laws differ. Most states require that you have your marriage license/certificate prior to any changes. It may take up to six weeks up from filing for your marriage license for you to receive it.
Places to change your name:
- Social Security Administration — How to Change Name on Social Security card6
- Department of Motor Vehicles — Name Change in Texas4
- Passport — US Passports & International Travel — Change or Correct a Passport3
- Financial Institutions (banks, credit cards, investment accounts)
- Bills (utilities, lease, phone, Internet, etc.)
- Voter Registration
- Post Office
- Estate documents (wills, powers of attorney, post nuptials)
Employee benefits should be considered at this time. Marriage is a qualifying life event that allows you to have a special open enrollment period (normally 60 days) to add your spouse to your employer benefits for health insurance. Whether you are both employed and have benefits to look into, or one of you has benefits for the other to be added to, it’s a great time to review what is available. If you both have health benefits, you can have primary and secondary insurance if it makes financial sense or change over to your spouse’s plan.
Other employee benefits to consider reviewing if they are applicable:
- Life and disability insurance (Do you have dependents to care for now?)
- Review terms
- Update beneficiaries for life insurance
- Child and elder care benefits
- Retirement plans – look to maximize benefits and update beneficiaries
- Other available options through cafeteria plans
Estate Documents/Update Beneficiaries
Each major life event is an optimal time to review and update your estate plan. Review and update any beneficiaries on retirement plans, life insurance, or other investment accounts. Accounts that have beneficiaries listed do not go through probate, and your will does not determine who receives the assets unless you list your estate as the beneficiary.
If you do not have any estate documents such as a will or power of attorney, this maybe a good time to consider having them drafted and executed, especially when there are dependents involved. An attorney will help you answer the necessary questions and draft the documents for you.
Many couples also seek legal counsel for post-nuptial agreements as a precaution in case things don’t work out in the marriage, particularly if either spouse comes into the marriage with a significant amount of property or an uneven earning potential. If needed, ask your personal financial planner for a recommendation.
Common Law Property vs. Community Property
Most states are common law states, which in layman’s terms means that marital property remains separate unless you title it differently. However, there are nine states that are community property states (show in blue below — Alaska is an optional community property state1).
Community property means any property acquired during the marriage is owned jointly. This would include work income and investment earnings. Property owned prior to the marriage such as inherited assets or gifts received is generally considered separate property. It is a common practice for individuals in community property states to keep any separate property that was either obtained prior to the marriage or received as a gift/inheritance during the marriage in separate accounts in their individual name.
Another topic to discuss, if you haven’t already, is the management of household expenses. Will the responsibility be split or will one spouse take on the majority of the responsibility? Will your accounts be comingled or separate?
Student loans are usually a topic of discussion in terms of the best way to pay them down. By consolidating the loans you would strip away necessary characteristics that could qualify the student loan for forgiveness later in life. Proceed cautiously when looking to combine debt, and consult with your financial planner as to the best way to reduce debt.
Also, in this day and age many, if not all, of our accounts have a way to access them online. It may be helpful to use a password management system to help keep access to your accounts available to each other. Especially if one of you does the management of household accounts or expenses on a frequent basis, you want to make sure your spouse has access just in case something happens to you and you are unable to access the accounts.
May you each learn to live with each other’s quirks and enjoy each day with one another. Who knows what this adventure will hold for you?
Disclosure: This list is not exhaustive, but a basic starting place to combine separate financial lives.
Feel free to contact Anne Bednarz, CFP® with any questions by phone 806.747.7995 or email: ABednarz@EK-FF.com
1 Bishop, S. (n.d.). Dividing Property in Alaska. Retrieved December 27, 2016, from http://www.divorcenet.com/resources/divorce/marital-property-division/alaska-divorce-dividing-proper#
2 Black, A. (n.d.). How to Change Your Last Name After the Wedding. Retrieved December 27, 2016, from https://www.theknot.com/content/name-change-101#ixzz1tAKgylOu
3 Change or Correct a Passport. (n.d.). Retrieved December 27, 2016, from https://travel.state.gov/content/passports/en/passports/services/correction.html#Changes
4 Change Your Name with the Texas DPS & DOT. (n.d.). Retrieved December 27, 2016, from https://www.dmv.org/tx-texas/changing-your-name.php
5 Perez, W. (n.d.). Community Property States. Retrieved December 27, 2016, from https://www.thebalance.com/community-property-states-3193432
6 Social Security. (n.d.). Retrieved December 27, 2016, from https://faq.ssa.gov/link/portal/34011/34019/article/3749/how-do-i-change-or-correct-my-name-on-my-social-security-number-card